Reflections at Bukit Chandu

Reflections at Bukit Chandu: Uncovering singapore‘s Tale of Heroism during World War II


Singapore is a city-state known for its modernity, skyscrapers, and bustling streets. However, beneath its cosmopolitan facade lies a rich history, including stories of heroism and sacrifice during World War II. One such tale is showcased at Reflections at Bukit Chandu (RBC), an interpretive center that pays tribute to the Malay Regiment and their heroic last stand against the Japanese army at the Battle of Pasir Panjang. This article will delve into the details of this fascinating historical site, exploring its significance, exhibits, and the stories of bravery that continue to resonate through the ages.

An Ode to the Brave

Bukit Chandu, which means Opium Hill in Malay, witnessed some of the fiercest fighting during World War II. It was at this site that the Battle of Singapore reached its climax. The RBC bungalow, dating back to the 1930s and bearing art deco influences, stands just a stone’s throw away from Point 226, the military position where 1,400 men of the Malay Regiment made their last stand against the 13,000-strong Imperial Japanese Army on February 14, 1942. Led by Lieutenant Adnan Saidi, the “C” Company of the 1st Malay Brigade fought valiantly despite being heavily outnumbered, ultimately sacrificing their lives. Many of the regiment’s troopers were killed for refusing to remove their uniforms, embodying their regimental motto, “Ta’at Setia” (brave and true). Lieutenant Adnan Saidi was posthumously recognized for his bravery by the British government, and his heroic contingent is remembered for their sacrifices while defending Singapore.

History and Heroism

As visitors explore Reflections at Bukit Chandu, they will gain insights into the lives of the brave soldiers who fought for a nascent nation. The interpretive center begins with a sculpture depicting a mortar crew of the Malay Regiment, paying homage to their courage. On the first floor, visitors will find the exhibition titled “Bukit Chandu: Battle Point 226.” This comprehensive exhibition is divided into three sections, covering the origins and equipment of the Malay Regiment, their acts of heroism during the Battle of Pasir Panjang, and their valor in the aftermath of the battle. The exhibition showcases various artifacts from that tumultuous era, including bullets from the battle, footage of Lieutenant Adnan during a ceremonial parade, and bullet casings recovered during an excavation in 2019.

Moving to the second floor, visitors will discover galleries that delve into the history of Bukit Chandu and its surroundings during the peaceful period preceding the war. This includes the site’s history as an opium packing plant and the pineapple plantations that dotted the vicinity. These exhibits provide a contextual backdrop to the heroism displayed by the Malay Regiment, highlighting the significance of their sacrifice and the historical context in which it occurred.

Access and Admission

To ensure a smooth and contactless entry, visitors are encouraged to pre-book their admission tickets via the museum website or chatbot. Admission to Reflections at Bukit Chandu is free for Singapore Citizens and Permanent Residents upon presentation of their NRIC. This allows locals to connect with their heritage and pay homage to the brave soldiers who defended Singapore during World War II. Additionally, visitors are invited to support the space by browsing the full range of specially-designed Museum Label merchandise, inspired by the museum’s collection. These unique products not only serve as mementos but also contribute to the preservation and promotion of Singapore’s history.


Reflections at Bukit Chandu stands as a testament to the heroism and sacrifice displayed by the Malay Regiment during the Battle of Pasir Panjang. This interpretive center provides visitors with a deeper understanding of Singapore’s history and the valiant efforts made to defend the nation during World War II. Through its exhibits, artifacts, and immersive experiences, Reflections at Bukit Chandu ensures that the stories of bravery continue to resonate with audiences of all ages. By preserving and sharing this important part of Singapore’s history, the center honors the memory of Lieutenant Adnan Saidi and his fellow soldiers, reminding us of the indomitable spirit that can emerge even in the darkest times.

Address And Location:

31-K Pepys Road, Singapore 118458

  • Operating Hours

    9.30am to 5pm (Tuesdays to Sundays)
    Closed every Monday except Public Holidays
    Last admission at 4.30pm

  • 31-K Pepys Road, Singapore 118458

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