National Museum

Heading 2: Overview of the National Museum of thailand

The National Museum of Thailand offers a fascinating glimpse into the history and culture of this vibrant country. Established in 1887 by King Rama V, the museum is located on the opposite side of Sanam Luang to the Grand Palace. It was initially housed in the grand palace but later moved to its current location. The museum’s foundation collection was previously stored at the grand palace, and the original building was once the palace of a vice-ruler.

Heading 3: History of the National Museum

The history of the National Museum dates back to the reign of King Mongkut, also known as King Rama IV. During his reign, the first museum in Thailand was established as a royal private museum in the Grand Palace. However, it was King Chulalongkorn, or King Rama V, who ordered the establishment of a museum inside the grand palace that was open to the public. This marked the birth of the first Thailand National Museum. In 1887, King Rama V ordered the museum to be moved to the front palace, which eventually developed into the Bangkok National Museum we know today.

Heading 3: Exhibitions at the National Museum

The Bangkok National Museum currently houses three permanent exhibition galleries. The Thai History Gallery is located in the front of the Siwamokhaphiman Hall and showcases the history of Thailand. The Archaeological and Art History collection is divided into periods of time and is displayed in the back of the Siwamokhaphiman Hall. The Historical Period Gallery is divided into two buildings. The Mahasurasinghanat Building exhibits artifacts from the Dvaravati, Srivijaya, and Lopburi periods, while the Prapatphiphitthaphan Building showcases items from the Sukhothai, Ayutthaya, and Rattanakosin periods.

Heading 3: Decorative Arts and Ethnological Collection

One of the highlights of the National Museum is its Decorative Arts and Ethnological Collection, which is displayed in the old central palace buildings. This collection features a wide variety of artistic, cultural, and ethnological objects, including gold treasures, precious stones, mother of pearl inlay, costumes and textiles, ceramics, carved ivory, old royal transportation, old weapons and musical instruments, Khon masks, and puppets. These artifacts provide valuable insights into the rich cultural heritage of Thailand.

Heading 3: Cremation Chariot Hall

Another notable exhibit at the National Museum is the Cremation Chariot Hall, which houses various Thai royal funeral chariots used for royal cremation ceremonies. These intricately designed chariots are an important part of Thai culture and reflect the grandeur and solemnity of royal ceremonies.

Heading 3: Thai Architecture in the Early Rattanakosin Era

The area surrounding the Bangkok National Museum is also home to several examples of Thai architecture from the Early Rattanakosin Era. One such example is the Buddhaisawan chapel, which houses the important Buddha image known as ‘Phra Buddha Sihing.’ Another notable architectural structure is the ‘red’ house called Tam Nak Deang, which is furnished in the early Bangkok period style. These architectural gems showcase the artistic and architectural prowess of the Thai people throughout history.

Overall, a visit to the National Museum of Thailand is a must for anyone interested in learning about the rich history and culture of this fascinating country. The museum’s extensive collection, informative exhibitions, and stunning architectural structures provide a comprehensive view of Thailand’s past. Whether you’re a history buff, an art enthusiast, or simply curious about Thai culture, the National Museum offers a captivating journey through time and is sure to leave a lasting impression.

Address And Location:

4 Na Phrathat Road Phra Borom Maha Ratchawang Phra Nakhon Bangkok 10200