Location: Kompleks Taman Mini Indonesia Indah, Jl. Raya Taman Mini, Pinang Ranti Village, Makassar District and Ceger Village, Cipayung District, East Jkt City
Map: Click Here
HTM: Rp. 10,000
Open and close: 08.00 – 16.00 WIB
Telephone: (021) 8409246
Something that is interesting about Taman Mini Indonesia Indah (TMII) is its complex function as a tourist spot.
So that apart from being a vehicle for recreation, it is also a means of education and inculcation of nationalistic values, especially for the younger generation.
As a vehicle for education or tourism, as many as 12 parks and 17 museums are ready to be explored to absorb the information and knowledge presented in them.
So after visiting TMII, it’s not just thoughts fresh which can be obtained, but also increase in knowledge, knowledge and insight, as well as a sense of nationalism.
Conical to the existence of a museum at TMII, a tourist spot covering an area of 150 hectares or 1.5 km2 this can be said as spot which has the most museums in the world.
No half-hearted, as many as 17 museums with different themes gathered in one place.
These museums are the Asmat Museum, Heritage Museum, East Timor Museum, Information Museum, Indonesian Hakka Museum, Indonesian Stamp Museum.
Then there is the Indonesian Soldier Museum, the Sports Museum, the Indonesian Fauna Museum, the Insect and Butterfly Museum, the Oil and Gas Museum, the Electricity and New Energy Museum.
Then the Transportation Museum, Telecommunication Museum, Istiqlal Museum, Purna Bhakti Pertiwi Museum and one more thing that we will explore in this paper is the Indonesian Museum.
Many say that the Indonesian Museum is the grandest and most beautiful museum in the country.
This opinion is not wrong even though the assessment given is almost certainly tended to be on the side of the building or maybe it is added to the collections that are owned and exhibited to visitors.
Judging from the side of the building, the beauty of Balinese-style architectural designs makes the building occupied by the Indonesian Museum not unlike a hotel building or a performance building that immediately attracts attention when you see it.
The Indonesian Museum looks not like a museum building in general, which seems dull and ancient.
Judging from the collections on display, because this museum is a museum of anthropology and ethnology, what is on display is the art and culture that has grown in the community from Sabang to Merauke.
So do not be surprised if the collection that is exhibiting is in the form of cultural arts with high artistic value.
However, apart from the outside that can be seen directly with the eye, the grandeur and beauty of the Indonesian Museum can also be felt from the values carried by this museum.
The values that show visitors how magnificent Indonesia is with a variety of customs, arts and culture that cannot be valued.
And how beautiful Indonesia is, which is reflected not only in its nature but also in the creativity of its people. Visiting this museum will make anyone feel proud to be born in the archipelago.
Getting to Know at a Glance
Similar to TMII, the construction of the Indonesian Museum was also initiated by Siti Hartinah or better known as Mrs. Tien Soeharto.
The beginning of construction was carried out in 1976 and was completed and inaugurated by President Soeharto to coincide with TMII’s fifth anniversary in 1980.
The beautiful architectural design of this museum was done by Ida Bagus Tugur who made a three-story building adhering to the Tri Hita Kirana philosophy which means 3 sources of human happiness.
The 3 sources of human happiness are the relationship with each other, the relationship between humans and their environment and the relationship between humans and God the Creator.
The 3-storey building takes up an area of 7,000 meters2 from the total area of the museum location which lies on an area of 20,100 meters2.
The outside of the museum is decorated with a beautiful garden and pond complete with a bale for gathering and resting.
The foreground of the museum in the form of pieces of old tree trunks and beautiful statues originating from the Ramayana story also fill around the Indonesian Museum Building.
If we look from the side, you will see a bridge to the museum decorated with dragon statues.
The entrance bridge, when connected with the entire statue ornament on the outside, symbolizes the bridge built by the monkey troops who were the men of the monkey king Sugriwa, when Sri Rama was about to invade Alengka.
In the Ramayana story, the bridge has the name Situbondo Bridge or Situbondolayu and the one who designed it was Hanila, a magic monkey who became Batara Guru’s right hand and adopted son of Batara Narada.
On the ground floor of the museum, there is a painting of an Indonesian map entitled Citra Indonesia with a Megamendung batik motif.
Here you can find a Garuda painting called the father of space to symbolize the world above by accentuating the elements of cloud, air and light.
Then the painting of a reddish-scaled dragon called Mother Earth to symbolize the underworld by accentuating the elements of earth and water.
The combination of the two symbolizes the balance of natural movements which on the one hand contradict each other but on the other hand they need each other and are inseparable.
Above the entrance to the Indonesian Museum, you can find the Kala Relief with dragons adorning the pillars. Meanwhile, the museum door is decorated with flowers and foliage.
The beauty of the statues, reliefs and ornaments that decorate the pillars combined with the bias of the pool light, makes this place often used for wedding party.
Apart from being at the front entrance, at the wedding party, gathering, exhibitions, seminars and various activities involving large numbers of people may also occupy several other rooms.
Because this museum is equipped with several facilities that can be rented for various activities. These rooms include the Suko Tujuh, Bale Bundar and Bale Panjang Buildings.
Enjoy the Beauty
As mentioned above, the Indonesian Museum consists of 3 floors and each floor has its own theme and stores and displays different collections.
The theme for the first floor is Bhineka Tunggal Ika, the second floor theme for Humans and the Environment, and the third floor theme for Arts and Crafts.
Floor I: Bhineka Tunggal Ika
The first floor, which carries the theme of Bhineka Tunggal Ika, is divided into 2 separate parts, namely the western part containing dozens of mannequins in traditional wedding clothes and daily clothes from all provinces in Indonesia.
The museum’s collection of traditional clothing is listed as the most complete collection of any museum in the world.
While on the east side contains various kinds of traditional musical instruments from all over Indonesia, such as gamelan, kolintang, angklung, sasando, fu, gondang smbilan, and other traditional musical instruments.
Still in the same place, you can see a diorama showing a shadow puppet show.
This room is complete with a range of puppets and a set of gamelan as well as the musicians as well as the sinden to the puppeteers playing the Kumbakarna and Hanoman characters.
In this place you can also find collections of old leather puppets, wayang golek and wayang tengul from Bojonegoro, East Java.
In several corners on the first floor, you can find seats that can be used by visitors to rest while enjoying the collections stored in glass windows.
Floor II: People and the Environment
The theme of Human and Environment used for the second floor provides an overview of the interactions that the Indonesian people have with nature and its environment.
Therefore, on the second floor, various forms of miniature houses and traditional buildings in Indonesia are exhibited, such as rice barns and places of worship.
In addition to miniatures of traditional houses and buildings, it is also exhibited the appearance of the rooms inside the house in their original form, such as the rooms in houses in Central Java, Palembang’s Bridal Room and Batak Kitchen Room.
Here you can also see a collection of objects used by the Indonesian people in carrying out their daily activities, such as hunting equipment, agricultural equipment, fishing equipment.
There is also a collection of traditional means of transportation and objects that decorate many traditional houses, such as traditional lamps, gebyok or room dividers, tables and chairs, antique wooden cupboards and heirloom spears.
Completing the contents of the room, there is a diorama of traditional ceremonies in actual size, which consists of the Javanese Mitoni (Seven Months Pregnancy) ceremony, Descending Ceremony, Mapedes Ceremony or Tooth Cutting.
Or Circumcision Ceremony, two dioramas of West Sumatra community ceremonies, namely the Wedding Ceremony and the Coronation Ceremony of Datuk.
Floor III: Arts and Crafts
Climbing to the third floor with the theme of Arts and Crafts, visitors will be treated to various kinds of handicrafts and arts from all over Indonesia with various types and materials.
Such as batik cloth, songket, weaving and other cloth handicrafts, various metal crafts such as copper, silver and brass, charming carving arts from Jepara, Asmat, Bali and Toraja.
To ceramic crafts, jewelry from Batak Karo and Nias, as well as old coins and banknotes.
Among the many collections of arts and crafts that are exhibited on the third floor, the most stunning and grabbing the attention of many visitors is a wooden carving in the form of a Hayat Tree or Kalpataru Tree.
This carving has been known as a symbol of the environment and is quite familiar to wayang lovers because the shape of this tree is like the shape of a puppet gun.
This Hayat tree carving is placed right in the middle of the room with a height of about 8 meters and has a diameter of about 4 meters. After exploring the third floor, the journey to explore the Indonesian Museum is actually over.
However, you can still go up to the additional floor, namely the fourth floor to enjoy the Taman Mini Indonesia Indah landscape from above.
Route to Location
To be able to visit the Indonesian Museum is not a difficult thing because this museum is located in the Taman Mini Indonesia Indah complex which is located at JL. Raya Taman Mini, Central Jakarta.
So to visit here you just have to go to TMII either by using a private vehicle or public transportation.
For those using private vehicles, those departing from Cawang can go via JL. Mayjend Soetoyo headed for Jagorawi Toll Road and Exit Taman Mini until he arrived at JL. Raya Taman Mini.
Those who depart from Cempaka Putih can take the JL route. Ahmad Yani, Cempaka Putih Toll Gate then Inner City Toll, Cawang, Jagorawi Toll Road and Taman Mini exit to arrive at JL. Raya Taman Mini.
Tourists from Grogol can pass JL. S. Parman, GT Tanjung Duren continues to the Inner City Toll, Cawang Intersection, then Jagorawi Toll Road and exit Taman Mini to arrive at JL. Raya Taman Mini.
Those departing from Bandung can take the Pasteur toll road, then the Purbaleunyi toll road and the Jakarta – Cikampek toll road until they arrive at the Cikunir Simpang Susun.
Continue the journey by passing the JORR Toll exit Bambu Apuss, after passing Ceger you will arrive at TMII Pintu III.
For tourists using public transportation, they can use trains, Transjakarta or Angkot by searching for vehicles according to the route that private vehicles pass.
After arriving at TMII, the closest access to the location is through the Candi Bentar Gate which is at the west door if it is from the TMII main parking area.
By paying an entrance ticket for IDR 10,000 per person, you can enjoy the splendor and beauty of Indonesia in just one place, namely the Indonesian Museum.