Address: Jalan Komplek Taman Sari, Patehan Village, Kraton District, Yogyakarta Special Region Province, 55133
Map Map: Click here
HTM: Local tourists Rp. 5,000, foreign tourists Rp. 12,000
Open and close: 08.00 – 17.00 WIB
Taman Sari Jogja
The unique architectural style that combines Javanese and Portuguese architecture is the main attraction of Taman Sari Keraton Yogyakarta or Taman Sari Jogja.
So even though the condition is no longer intact as when it was used before, it still attracts the attention of tourists, both local and foreign tourists.
Moreover, even though this landmark is part of the Yogyakarta Palace building, the architectural style carried is different from the main building.
Both from the artistic side and the functionality side, because Taman Sari is more thematic by highlighting the part of the bath which earned it the nickname Water Castle or Water Palace.
It is this difference that makes tourists who have visited the Yogyakarta Palace still feel incomplete before stopping at Taman Sari, because what Taman Sari is presented is different from the one at Keraton Jogja.
In addition, the large number of visitors who meet Taman Sari every day, especially during weekends and holiday seasons, is also due to the strategic location of this landmark.
Namely on Jalan Komplek Taman Sari, Patehan Village, Kraton District, Yogyakarta City, which has been used as a recreation area for a long time.
It’s just that in ancient times not only as a place of recreation, but also functioned as a fortress.
To visit Taman Sari is also not difficult, because from the Yogyakarta Palace the distance is only about 1 km, to be precise near the South Square of Yogyakarta.
If you depart from Jalan Malioboro, you only have to take the vehicle to the direction of the Keraton or the North Square of Jogja, then take the road that is west of the square.
When you meet the first intersection, take the road that turns left and follow it until you reach the location.
If you don’t want to be bothered, you can leave your vehicle in the Keraton parking lot, which is located east of the square, then take a rickshaw at a rate of Rp. 10,000 – Rp. 15,000.
On a pedicab along the road to the Water Castle, you can enjoy the beauty of the ancient buildings that adorn several points of the road.
Price of admission
Taman Sari, which is open to the public at 08.00 – 17.00 WIB, attracts entrance fees of IDR 5,000 for local tourists and IDR 12,000 for foreign tourists.
If you want to find out more about the history of Taman Sari and the functions of each building in this place, you can hire a tour guide for Rp. 25,000 – Rp. 30,000.
Make sure the guide who guides your visit is licensed, because many tour guides in Taman Sari are not licensed.
So that the information conveyed is contrary to historical facts and tends to convey bombastic stories that cannot be justified.
History of Myths
This historical site was built during the reign of Sultan Hamengkubuwono I around 1758-1765.
Initially, the park which was nicknamed “The Fragrant Garden” covered more than 10 hectares with a total of 57 buildings standing on it.
Which includes buildings, bathing pools, lakes and artificial islands along with underwater passages, water canals, suspension bridges and several other types of buildings.
Taman Sari, which was effectively utilized around 1765 – 1812, is said to have been built on the ruins of the Garjitawati Pesanggrahan or the former palace.
It was founded and utilized by Susuhunan Paku Buwono II as a rest for horse-drawn carriages to be brought to Imogiri.
Tumenggung Prawirosentiko, who at that time served as Regent of Madiun, was responsible for the entire cost of building Taman Sari. In return, Madiun residents are exempt from paying taxes.
The head of the Taman Sari development project was initially held by Tumenggung Mangundipuro. But halfway through he resigned and was replaced by Prince Notokusumo.
While acting as the architect was a Portuguese national known as Demang Tegis. That’s why the architectural style of Taman Sari is a combination of Javanese and Portuguese architectural styles.
Although the main function of Taman Sari is as a palace garden, if seen from the model of the building it also functions as the last bastion of defense, whenever the palace is under attack from the enemy.
These two functions are united in one form of the building, making this landmark have more value than other ancient buildings, especially those in Yogyakarta.
The Taman Sari complex is divided into 4 parts, namely: a lake and an artificial island on the west side, the Umbul Binangun bath in the south of the artificial lake, Garjitawati pond and Pasarean Ledok Sari which are also in the southern part.
As well as several buildings that stand on the eastern side of the artificial lake to the East and Southeast of the M Perdagangan Complex.
However, most of the building complexes that were phenomenal at that time are in very poor condition.
There are only ruins left, and there are even buildings that are only in name because they have changed form and also changed functions.
The only remnants of the splendor and beauty of Taman Sari that can still be enjoyed are only the building located to the southwest of the Kedhaton Complex.
Although not as beautiful and as grand as when it was still in operation, the charm that Taman Sari emitted can still be enjoyed today, especially from the artistic side and the uniqueness of the building.
This charm has been radiated in front of the entrance gate through the ornaments on the gate wall in the form of beautiful carvings.
Passing two doors to the inside, you will see two pools with bluish water welcoming you.
Because this tourist attraction is a cultural heritage and not a bathing pool, of course the clear water pool should not be used for bathing and swimming, except to be seen.
The two pools are part of the three bathing areas in Taman Sari.
The three bathing areas are named Umbul Kawitan for the king’s daughters, Umbul Pamuncar for the king’s concubines, and Umbul Panguras, which is a special pool for the king.
In this pool area, it is decorated with ornaments resembling a fountain with the shape of a dragon’s head and around it are decorated with flower pots to add to the interior appeal.
Still around the area of the two pools, there is a stage gate that previously only allowed the Sultan and his family to enter.
Above the height of the gate, the Sultan enjoys the beautiful views of Taman Sari, which was still equipped with an artificial lake and a garden decorated with various types of flowers.
It is also here that the Sultan once enjoyed a dance accompanied by gamelan music.
In the area that used to be the Sultan’s personal residence, you can see a pot that was used by the king’s wives to reflect and the Sultan’s wardrobe.
The stage gate itself is equipped with a ladder made of teak wood with a strong and antique impression.
The next building in Taman Sari is Gapura Agung, which is the stop for the golden train ridden by the Sultan and his family.
The gate which is the entrance to the Sultan’s family is dominated by ornaments in the form of flowers and bird wings.
Not far from the Great Gate, there is a guesthouse that was used by the Sultan as a place for meditating and formulating war strategies, as well as for storing armor, weapons and purifying keris.
In front of the Pesanggrahan there is a court that is used by soldiers to practice war.
Another interesting place in Taman Sari is Sumur Gumuling which functions as an underground mosque.
This mosque consists of two levels circular 360 degrees with a hollow center and is designed to produce a good acoustic system.
So that when the priest leads the prayer, his voice can be heard throughout the room. In the middle of the mosque, there is a hole in the center of the mosque, which is connected by 5 steps around it.
Probably used to be used to say the call to prayer.
Because the underground mosque building is very unique and artistic, it is often used as a location for taking pre-wedding photos.
It’s just that to get to this underground mosque, you have to walk down the stairs and through long hallways.
The last remaining place in Taman Sari is Kenongo Building. The tallest building in Taman Sari used to be the king’s dining place.
Here you can enjoy the beautiful golden sunset and all parts of Taman Sari, including thick white walls with a height of 2 – 4 meters that surrounds the entire building.