Location: Kanoman Village, Karangnongko District, Klaten Regency, Central Java 57483, Indonesia
FOLDER: Click here
HTM: IDR 1,000 / person
Open and close: Monday-Sunday (06.00-17.00 WIB)
Telephone: N / A
There are still many people who don’t know about Merak temple, maybe you are one of them. Tourist attractions are located in Klaten City which has extraordinary historical charm. There is nothing wrong with visiting a historical place by first reviewing this article.
The location of this building is not far from Prambanan Temple, namely in Candi hamlet, Karangnongko Village, Karangnongko District, Klaten Regency, Central Java. Penanggungan mountain has stored various ancient sites from around 1,500 AD, including this tourist spot.
The Archaeological Heritage Conservation Center in Central Java estimates that the area of the Merak temple is approximately 2,000 square meters. The building has one main temple facing east and three ancillary temples facing all west.
The main building measures 8.38 x 8.83 m and 12 meters high, while the viewer measures 155 cm long and 160 cm wide. In addition, the cheeks are 230 cm x 252 cm in size. The inside of the temple is Lingga Yoni inside the main room.
History of the discovery of the Merak Temple
The building was first discovered around 1925 with a characteristic form of a giant Joho tree. This lush tree attracts peacocks to perch and even sleep on top of the tree.
Over time, the tree grew and eventually collapsed. The bottom part of the root of a large tree was found in the ruins of a temple in the form of rocks and statues.
The number of peacocks that live in the tree makes the building known as the Peacock temple. The architectural beauty of the Merak temple is no less beautiful than some other temples. So, it feels like for us to visit this tourist spot.
Route to Merak Temple
You can choose the route from Godang Winangun Sugar Factory and then choose Deles Indah road. This route is quite easy to understand, especially with a map google maps. This technology really helps us in finding a location, including the Merak temple.
Facts About Merak Temple
Although not many people know about the existence of the Merak Temple, it turns out that this tourist spot has many interesting facts that should be known.
1. As material for Pak Soekmono’s thesis at FS UI 1953
As one of the first archaeologists in Indonesia, Pak Soekmono wrote a dissertation Temple, Function and Understanding as a must-book for children of archaeologists. Pak Soekmono’s dissertation emphasized that a temple is not a tomb.
Nobody would have thought that this historical and mythical place could be the material of Pak Soekmono’s thesis in 1953, even though the restoration of the building was only completed in 2011.
Pak Soekmono had researched or explored this tourist spot before the restoration. So, you can imagine for yourself what the original temple looks like, in the form of ruins and statues that fill in incomplete niches.
2. Durga statue in the temple niche has six arms
Typically, Durga statues in Indonesia have eight arms, such as the findings that have been kept at the National Museum as a storage center for historical objects in Indonesia.
The museum houses 44 Durga statues with eight hands, while 9 statues have four hands, 2 statues have six hands and 2 statues have ten hands.
3. Hindu style with three officers (small building)
This Hindu-style peacock temple is characterized by the presence of yoni in the main room. The top of the yoni should have a phallus as the embodiment of Lord Siva, unfortunately this phallus has not been found until now.
The main building faces the east side with three officer buildings on the front. The officer’s building is still in ruins.
4. Rediscovered in 1924 and excavations began in 1925
The local community has reported the existence of the Merak Temple in 1924 to the Archaeological Service (Oudheidkundige Dienst). People consider the ruins of the temple under the big tree quite haunted.
They saw the existence of these ruins into the center of attention so they reported it to the nearest Antiquities Service.
5. Formerly called Batara Gana
Before changing its color to become a peacock temple, this building was named Batara Gana. Recognition from the temple guard regarding the legend states that based on a hereditary story, there was a tree that shaded the ruins of the building into a peacock’s nest.
However, as one of Indonesia’s first archaeologists, Pak Soekmono told a different story regarding the name of a historical place. He stated that this tourist spot used to be called the Batara Ghana temple because of the Ganesha statue on the ruins.
After that, restoration was carried out and other statues were found. This is what makes the naming of places change according to the signs of nature at that time, namely the presence of peacocks.
6. Relief of ox, turtle, dragon on Yoni’s part
The peacock temple has yoni with rare reliefs. In general, yoni is depicted as plain or only equipped with dragon ornaments. However, the building has various reliefs, namely oxen, turtle and dragon.
Pak Soekmono revealed the meaning behind the relief. Lembu means vehicle of Siva, while turtle and yoni are useful as a buffer for the world. The whole meaning tells of Siva’s greatness as Mahadeva, ruler of the world.
7. Makara is in the form of a snake’s head
Most of the temples in Indonesia have the shape of a dragon’s head. Unlike the makara in Merak Temple, which is in the shape of a snake’s head so that it is unique which contains its own mystery for this tourist spot.
Activities at Tourist Places
Apart from enjoying the architectural beauty of the reliefs in the building, we can do various other activities. The beautiful atmosphere makes us comfortable, even if it’s just resting and sitting with loved ones.
A place full of the charm of the beauty of tourist attractions must be captured with photos. Look for beautiful photo spots from the floor plan and make viewers interested. This can be a medium for the promotion of tourist attractions in Indonesia.