Location: on Jl. Portuguese Fort – Tayu Km. 48, Banyumanis Village, Donorojo District, Jepara Regency, Central Java
Folder: Click here
HTM: Weekdays IDR 3,000 / person and weekends IDR 5,000 / person
Open and close: 06.00 – 18.00
Jepara is not only famous for its carvings and as the hometown of Kartini. More than that, Jepara has amazing tourism potential. Not only beaches or diving destinations, but also historical tourist attractions and one of them is the Portuguese Fort.
This fort is a historical place that reminds us that Indonesia was once colonized by the Portuguese. This fort is located on the seashore which is now also used as a cultural heritage by the government. It must be very cared for and protected.
History of the Origins of Jepara Portuguese Fort
The construction of the Portuguese fort in 1923 was certainly inseparable from the Dutch colonial era. In the past, the King of Mataram, Sultan Agung, was trying to expel the Dutch. However, the attempt to expel the Dutch colonialists at that time failed.
This made the Sultan rack his brains, until he found the idea that the expulsion of the Dutch had to be carried out in two ways, namely the land and sea routes simultaneously. Meanwhile the Mataram troops were only adept at warfare by land route.
Therefore, Sultan Agung asked for help from a third party, namely the Portuguese who were skilled at war by sea and a fort was built. Strategic places are also often used for military purposes.
Its location on a hill and close to the ocean made it easier to hit the cannon on target. Finally succeeded in expelling the Dutch colonialists. According to the story, the Portuguese only occupied this fort for a short time.
There are two versions of the story about the reasons the Portuguese left the fort. The first is because many Portuguese troops became victims and mysteriously disappeared. So, they left the fort.
It is said that, around Mandalika Island there is a sea water whirl and it is the gate of the siluman luweng palace with the king Siluman Buaya Putih. Well, the False Gharial was defeated by Ki Leseh.
After losing, he swore that anyone with white skin like Ki Leseh’s skin would be sucked into the whirlpool until they lost their way. Due to frequent disappearances, the folklore added to it, the Portuguese finally believed and left the fort.
Meanwhile, in the second version, the Mataram Kingdom trade route was centered by sea. However, along with the relocation of the center of the Demak Kingdom to Pajang, the sea trade route became quiet and preferred the land route. Therefore, the Portuguese left the fort.
The Portuguese wanted to help the Mataram kingdom at that time because they wanted spices. By occupying the banteng which was a transit point for trading ships, they could easily extract spices.
Portuguese Fort during the Japanese Occupation
Then, during World War II, Japan, who at that time occupied Indonesia, occupied this fort. The fort was used to scout their opponents from the sea route.
At that time, the Japanese government forced local residents to work which was called the romusha (forced labor) system. The residents were asked to clean and build a better fortress.
Under the tower, a tunnel was constructed that could penetrate the shore, thereby accelerating enemy surveillance. Japan used this fortress until it was defeated because Nagasaki and Hiroshima were bombed by the allies.
Natural Beauty and Activities at the Portuguese Fort
Besides being able to provide historical lessons, this fortress has a fascinating nature. There appears a very wide and clean expanse of ocean. If you want to swim, first pay attention to the condition of the beach. If the waves are big, you shouldn’t.
However, there you can channel your hobby of fishing by sitting on a rock. The atmosphere of this tourist attraction is very cool and can be very hot when the weather is hot. There are also rock hills that are located on the beach side. On the hill, there are various Portuguese heritage.
There can still be seen the lookout walls built during the Japanese government. In the northern part of the fort there is Mandalika Island. This place is very instragramable, you will find its own beauty when taking photos there.
Not only that, there are various white stone slabs, large shady trees, and steps surrounded by plants. There are many other beautiful corners and around there are boat rentals.
Facilities at the Portuguese Fort
To support visitors’ activities, the manager provides several facilities such as a prayer room for places of worship. A large parking area can accommodate cars and motorbikes. In addition, there is also a park surrounded by green trees, which can be a relaxing place.
The manager also provides a rinse area and a changing room. So, after swimming or playing in the water on the beach, you can rinse, then change clothes. Gazebos can also make you take shelter. Suitable for a vacation with a partner or family.
If you feel hungry, stop by a nearby shop. If you feel tired, but still want to explore the natural beauty of the Portuguese Fort, you can stay at a hotel or villa. Lodging prices start from IDR 200,000 / room, excluding breakfast.
Room facilities include sofa, fan, bathroom shower, satellite TV, free soft drinks, car garage to massage or massage services. If you want to be more economical, you can choose a room with IDR 80,000, only facilities are private bathroom, spring bed, fan.
Location and Access to Jepara Portuguese Fort
This historical and natural tourist destination is located on Jl. Portuguese Fort – Tayu Km. 48, Banyumanis Village, Donorojo District, Jepara Regency, Central Java. It is quite far from the city center of Jepara with a distance of about 45 km in about 1 hour’s journey.
Jepara city center, take a trip towards Pati-Tayu until you reach the village of Kontakoyot. Then, turn left towards Banyumanis Village and pay attention to the directions. Then, go straight until you find this Portuguese Fort area.
If from the city center, pati is even closer. Take a trip to the Tayu district. Arriving at Kontakoyot Village, turn right towards Banyumanis Village. Then, go straight until you find the tourist attraction of Manik Cave and Portuguese Fort.
Entrance Ticket Prices and Opening Hours for Portuguese Fort Tour
To enjoy the natural atmosphere and witness Portuguese and Japanese heritage, it doesn’t cost much. The price of admission to the tourist area on weekdays or weekdays is only IDR 3,000 / adult and IDR 2,000 / child.
Meanwhile, during the weekend, ticket prices increased slightly, namely Rp. 5,000 / adult and Rp. 3,000 / child. Meanwhile, when there is a celebratory event or big day, the ticket price is IDR 10,000 / adult and IDR 7,000 / child.
This tourist spot is open every day from 06.00 am to 18.00 pm. Let go of fatigue with children, family or loved ones.
Set up a tent, lay out a relaxing mat with your group, while looking at the pleasant natural scenery. Heart and mind will be refreshed again. The journey can be reached by motorbike or car. But, it will be more fun touring using your favorite motorbike.
Plan a cheap holiday to the Portuguese Landscape. Not only are the natural panoramas in harmony, you can also learn about Indonesian history. Apart from Jepara, Portuguese Fort is also in Ternate, North Maluku.