Location: Leuwigoong, Karanganyar, Cangkuang, Leles, Garut Regency, West Java 44119
Maps: Click Here
HTM: Rp. 5,000 (Adult), Rp. 3,000 (Child)
Open and close: 07.00 – 17.00 WIB
Telephone: 022 7273209
Garut is not only famous for its leather products and natural tourist areas. There are other things that are not known by tourists when visiting the city of Dodol.
One of them is the historical, historical and historical stories of the Sundanese kingdoms that once ruled Garut.
Garut has a series of historical tourist areas that are silent witnesses of cultural developments and historical stories in West Java and the area itself.
One of them is the tourist area of Cangkuang Temple which has its own story and story. This historical heritage has a sasakala or fairy tale from Sundanese which is very well known.
And it’s not only Bandung that has famous tales in Indonesia, Garut is also known to keep folk tales.
Getting to know the temple
Cangkuang Temple is one of the most famous tourist areas and is being targeted by tourists when visiting the city of Garut.
This temple is a relic of the heyday of Hinduism, this object is located in Leuwigoong, Karanganyar, Cangkuang, Leles, Garut Regency, West Java 44119.
Located in a quite strategic area, of course, this object is very easy to access from the capital city of Garut.
Cangkuang Temple is inseparable from stories or tales of legends, myths, mysteries and also stories about the founder of Garut and the heyday of the city in West Java.
Many studies and papers have also produced detailed analyzes of the culture brought to the city of Garut.
As the name implies, this temple is located around a small lake called Cangkuang which is well known among tourists.
Interestingly, the temple is located in a traditional traditional village area called Kampung Pulo, one of the charms offered by Cangkuang Temple.
This temple was founded in the 8th century AD and is a legacy of Hindu culture spread across West Java.
To visit spot These tourists must use a raft to cross to the temple area which is in the middle of the lake.
The raft used usually can accommodate many passengers. Arriving in the middle of the lake, tourists can enjoy the natural charm that is very beautiful and beautiful.
Visiting here, don’t forget to stop by the Pulo traditional village which is located not far from the tourist area of Cangkuang Temple.
Here you can find historical records regarding the restoration of temples and relics from Hinduism and Islam.
A brief History
Cangkuang Temple, located in Leles District, is only about 18 kilometers from Garut.
As one of the relics of Hinduism, here was found a statue or statue of Lord Shiva which according to the story dates from the 8th century.
Meanwhile, from the side of Islamic heritage which according to research comes from the 17th century, it can be seen from the tomb of Grandma Embah Dalem Arief Muhammad, the first propagator of Islam in Garut.
This paper about the historical story of Cangkuang Temple is indeed quite famous. It has even been published in English.
The artifact in Cangkuang Temple was found by Uka Tjandrasasmita. And the discovery of the two artifacts is proof of the acculturation of the culture and architectural style on display.
When the excavation was carried out in 1966, the researchers found the foundation of the temple opposite the tomb of Eyang Arief Muhammad, measuring 4.5 x 4.5 square meters.
With a height of 8.5 meters, the excavation process continued until it found the original temple stone. However, this is only 40 percent of the original temple building.
The remaining stones are reportedly used by the local community in Kampung Pulo as a headstone for community graves.
The reason is that they do not know of any tombs and statues of Lord Shiva as well as Hindu-style temples which are relics of ancient kingdoms.
The shape of this Cangkuang Temple is only the remains of stones. However, from the viewpoint, it can be seen that the temple tells about the triumph of Hinduism in Indonesia.
The statue of Lord Shiva itself can still be witnessed by tourists and this statue is inserted into the temple which functions to cover a hole of about 7 meters. This hole was previously used to store ashes from the corpse.
The research and excavation process of Cangkuang Temple has not been completed until now. So there is no definite information about who built or was built during what kingdom.
Plus there are no inscriptions that can provide complete information about this one tourist attraction.
What is known is only the architectural style and construction time based on the discovery of artifacts.
This was conveyed by the Garut community. According to his explanation, the discovery of this artifact is in accordance with other discoveries in the same century.
Even so, this historical tourism area still has its own value. Even the history of the temple has been included in papers and short stories or short stories.
Evidence of the Spread of Islam
As mentioned earlier, Cangkuang Temple is a combination of the spread of Hinduism and Islam in Garut.
This can be seen from the discovery of artifacts and the period when statues and tombs were made which are evidence of the spread of this religion. While other evidence is the existence of a village around the Cangkuang Temple.
Kampung Pulo, which is located not far from Cangkuang Temple, is a village where the first propagators of Islam around Garut.
At that time, Grandpa Dalem Arief Muhammad founded the civilization of the community around the temple, his name was known as Kampung Pulo.
Grandpa Embah Dalem Arief Muhammad is one of the toughest warlords from the Mataram Kingdom.
He got a task from the king, namely Sultan Agung, to face attacks from VOC soldiers in Batavia. Unfortunately, Grandpa Dalem Arief Muhammad had to lose due to a lack of supply.
Then he was reluctant to return to Mataram for fear of being penalized. Finally, Grandma Dalem Arief Muhammad went to Garut and hid in the Cangkuang area.
When Grandma Embah Dalem Arief Muhammad visited the Cangkuang area, the surrounding community still adhered to Hinduism and also had animist and dynamism beliefs.
It was only in the 17th century that the people around Kampung Pulo converted to Islam. And Grandma’s Grandpa did it gradually, not directly.
In the process of spreading Islam a ceremony was held using offerings to easily enter the Kampung Pulo community at that time.
To see evidence of the spread of Islamic teachings by Embah Dalem Arief Muhammad, tourists can see them in a small museum which is located not far from the sacred tomb of Eyang.
Here there is a Koranic manuscript used in the 18th century made of paper made from the saeh tree or Broussanetia papyrifera vent.
Interestingly, the Eid al-Fitr sermon manuscript which was held in the 18th century has a length of about 167 cm. Its contents regarding fasting and zakat fitrah are the most important and can give rewards to Muslims.
Reportedly, the population of Kampung Pulo is approximately 23 residents. And they are the 10th generation of Grandpa Arief Muhammad.
In Kampung Pulo, there are only 6 houses and 1 prayer room. And this number is said to be a symbol of the son of Embah Dalem Arief Muhammad who only has 6 daughters and 1 son.
Uniquely, the community in this village cannot add to the head of the family. So if there are indigenous people who get married, they are obliged to leave and build a family outside of Kampung Pulo.
They are only allowed to enter when their parents, such as father or mother, die. They will later fill in the blanks.
And those who get inheritance rights are girls. This is due to continuing the inheritance in Kampung Pulo.
In Kampung Pulo, there is also a customary prohibition that is quite unique and still applies because it is a mandate from Grandma Embang Dalem Arief Muhammad where the people are not allowed to go on pilgrimages on Wednesdays.
On Wednesday the people in Kampung Pulo usually hold recitation and deepen their religious knowledge.
In addition, local residents are prohibited from raising four-legged animals such as cows, buffaloes and goats. This is to keep the village and tombs clean. Moreover, it is feared that it could damage the fields and make the grave area dirty.
The next prohibition is not allowed to beat the gong made of bronze. This is because Grandma Embah Dalem has experienced the loss of a son who died due to circumcision.
At that time the child was paraded on a prism-shaped stretcher accompanied by a gamelan with a large gong. At the same time, a great hurricane came and killed her son. So that the prohibition appeared.
Another prohibition is that local residents are not allowed to make roofs in the form of jure or prisms, it must be elongated. It is not certain the reason for the regulation.
The final prohibition is not to add and remove the main building of the family head in Kampung Pulo. The reason is that the buildings here match the number of children of Grandmother Dalem.
Tourists who have a vacation to Cangkuang Temple and Kampung Pulo will certainly get very useful historical knowledge and cultural experiences.
It is recommended to visit this tourist area in the morning or evening. Because at that time the sun’s rays are still cool and won’t overheat the tourists.
Plus the sunshine in the morning and evening makes the scenery at Cangkuang Temple even more beautiful.
Around Cangkuang Temple, you can find public transportation that can take tourists to the temple area from the Garut terminal. This transportation will depart for Leuwigoong and Leles District.
Apart from public transportation, other facilities that can be found around this tourist area are a raft to Cangkuang Temple.
In addition, there is a very large parking area for visitors who come with their own vehicles.
There are also stalls and places to eat for hungry tourists, then there are also toilets, prayer rooms to shopping.
Tourists have to pay an entrance ticket for 5 thousand to see and take photos or pictures of the beauty of Cangkuang Temple.