Location: Carpentry Street I, Semampir, Ampel, City of SBY, East Java 60151
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Telephone: (031) 30422884
The location of the grave of Sunan Ampel Raden Rahmat is on Jalan Carpentry, Ampel – Surabaya. Some Javanese people who take religious tourism to visit Walisongo’s graves must make a pilgrimage to Sunan Ampel as their mandatory destination.
Some pictures, photos, history and the mystery of one of Songo’s guardians will be revealed in more detail below.
The tomb of Sunan Ampel is located behind the Ampel Mosque. To reach the tomb, you have to cross the road beside the mosque and 3 gates.
Cemetery guards once reminded pilgrims not to take pictures of Sunan Ampel’s tomb.
However, there are lots of photos and pictures of Sunan Ampel’s grave circulating on the internet. The atmosphere in the grave area is similar to the area of a mosque in general, clean and neat, even though the color of the gate is faded and mossy.
The name of the gate that is passed is going to the Sunan Ampel tomb complex called Gapuro Madep which means facing the Qibla.
The main tomb of Sunan Ampel is located in a very large complex and there are also graves of his followers.
One of his famous followers is the Makam of Mbah Shonhaji which is also popularly known as Mbah Bolong.
According to the developing story, when people were not sure about the Qibla position determined by Mbah Shonhaji or Mbah Bolong, he finally made a hole in the wall with his finger.
The result of this hole in the wall made the students flabbergasted because they could see directly the Mecca Kaaba through the gap it had made.
Mbah Bolang is a former captain of a ship so that he is very fluent in the science of determining direction, science falaq or astronomy.
His knowledge is used as a way to determine the position of the mosque’s Qibla direction. As a captain, of course, he really understands astrology and uses it to determine direction.
Meanwhile, there is Gapuro Paneksen which is located in the area leading to the Tomb of Sunan Ampel.
This Gapuro embodies the first pillar of Islam, namely shahada ‘asyhadu anla ilaaha illallah wa asyhadu anna muhammadan rasuulullah which means there is no God but Allah and Prophet Muhammad the Messenger of Allah ‘.
In addition, the cleanliness of the tomb is always maintained and cared for by the caretaker as well as local residents. In the grave area, there is a pavilion as a place to take shelter or sit back and enjoy the atmosphere and the yard is very large, composed of paving.
In this area, there are large trees that grow shady to shade the tomb complex. According to the story of the tomb keeper, pilgrims often come on Fridays and holidays.
On these days it is not surprising that the location of the penug grave is crowded with pilgrims who come.
The peak of the pilgrims crowd is just before the month of Ramadan and after Ramadan. Many pilgrims also stay here or do i’tikaf at the mosque.
You will see several rows of large barrels while inside the tomb complex.
The large barrels contain water from a well in the ampel mosque area which is said to contain good luck. Here there are also 9 mbah Soleh tombs because according to history he died up to 9 times.
As long as you live, he is the one who is responsible for maintaining the cleanliness of the ampel mosque complex so that the condition of the mosque, such as the floor and yard, is always clean and tidy.
After the death of Mbah Soleh, the condition of the Ampel Mosque was poorly maintained and dirty. At that time Sunan Ampel said that if Mbah Soleh is still there, it is certain that the condition of the mosque is clean again.
Incidents like this happened repeatedly up to 9 times so that the Soleh Un was buried 9 times and did not return to life after the sunan’s death or death.
The story about mbah Soleh is likely to be an inspiration to always maintain cleanliness and care for the ampel mosque complex in the city of SBY, East Java.
Petilasan Sunan Kalijaga
In the tomb area of Sunan Ampel, there is also a petilasan Sunan Kalijaga which is fenced using iron and does not become one with the main grave area.
Sunan Kalijaga is one of the songo guardians who is very famous and likes to travel to do religious propagation
Therefore, we can also find some of his recitations and some even in Cirebon. There are also Sunan Kalijaga performances in Gresik and Kadilangu Demak. The place that was mentioned last was the grave of the Sunan’s body.
Sunan Bonang is the son of Sunan Ampel, who one day changed Raden Said’s way of life, who later had the nickname Sunan Kalijaga.
Sunan Ampel’s wife
The tomb of Sunan Ampel itself is behind a fence and is located near the grave of Dewi Condrowati or also known as Nyai Ageng Manila.
She is the first wife of Sunan Ampel and the daughter of a Duke named Tuban Arya Teja. Sunan Ampel has 5 children from Dewi Condrowati including:
- Siti Syariah who was later married to Sunan Kudus
- Siti Mutmainah who was later married to Sunan Gunung Jati
- Siti Khafshah who was later married to Sunan Kalijaga
- Raden Makdum Ibrahim or Sunan Bonang)
- Raden Qosim or Sunan Drajad Sedayu
From the second wife, Sunan Ampel (Dewi Karimah) is blessed with 2 daughters, namely Dewi Murthosiah who is married to Sunan Giri and Dewi Murthosimah who is the wife of Raden Fatah.
Sunan Ampel seems to have been born in Champa in 1401 in Champa. However, there are also several different versions of his origins.
Hotel Near Location
The following is a list of hotels close to the Sunan Ampel tomb area which is comfortable and has customer review pretty good, including:
- Hotel Pesonna Surabaya which is located at Jalan Benteng No. 1, Pabean Cantian Nyamplungan, Surabaya and only 0.5 km from Ampel Mosque.
- POP! Hotel Kota Surabaya Station is about 1.3 km from the Ampel mosque.
- Arcadia Surabaya Hotel which is about 1 km from the Ampel Mosque.
- Hotel Majapahit Surabaya is about 3.4 km from Ampel Mosque.
- The Hostel is 3.4 km from Ampel Mosque.
- Four Points By Sheraton Surabaya is about 3.6 km from Ampel Mosque.
The Past Ampel Tempo Area
Since ancient times, Surabaya has been one of the cities that has the largest port and has become the center of trading activity in eastern Indonesia.
This can be seen from the many markets and shops around the port area. You can see this scene in the Ampel area of Surabaya.
This area is indeed well known as a trading center, even since the ancient Dutch colonial period, especially the traditional wholesale trading system due to the location of Ampel which is close to Tj. Silver.
In the past photos, the port area shows that in ancient times the transportation of goods used cikar.
This is a means of transportation that is pulled by a buffalo or cow. The area is an area multiculture because it is the center of trading activity.
There are many migrant residents who live and work in this area. Because there are so many people who come from various parts of the world there is a cultural acculturation in this area.
This can also be seen from the architectural style of the building that describes the cultural background.
For those of you who like to take historical tours or explore old cities, try visiting the Ampel area of Surabaya.
This can be used as a tourist choice destination to feel the atmosphere of the past. Until now, the Ampel area of Surabaya still has old buildings that are solidly standing from the colonial era.
Most of the Ampel area adheres to Islamic beliefs. You can see there are mosque minarets and people wearing Muslim clothes.
Ampel Surabaya is not only famous for the tomb of Sunan Ampel which has a myth of noni fruit to have children, but also for tourism of its old city.
A Dutch aristocrat named NVH Van Ingen Soerabaja around the 1920s published a postcard describing the atmosphere on Jl. The sacred Ampel facing north uses the Gate and the Ampel Mosque as a backdrop.
On the right and left of the road, you can see a row of shops selling various religious needs and Middle Eastern food and their vendors who are busy serving pilgrims.
There is no detailed description of the postcard entitled ‘Ampel Kesoemba’.
It is possible that the giver of the title is somewhat confused about the exact location of the area.
In the area to the east of the mosque is Jl. Ampel Kesumba Market, but here you can’t see the gate of the Ampel Mosque directly. Meanwhile, on the east side there is a road that cannot see the gate at all.
The Ampel area of Surabaya or also known as Ngampel is an area in the northern part of the city of Surabaya, where most of the population comes from Arabic.
The center of this area is the Ampel Mosque, which is said to have started in 1872, which is also a former 15th century mosque.
The Ampel Mosque is designed in the model of an ancient Javanese building and has a tower that reaches 35 m with Arabic architecture before being repaired in the 1970s. Behind the mosque is the Sunan Ampel burial complex from 1401-1481.
Sunan Giri Gresik
Sunan Ampel, whose grave is always full of pilgrims, also has a student and is one of the walisongo, Sunan Giri. The grave of Sunan Giri Gresik is located in East Java, precisely in Des. Blambangan Kebomas Gresik.
There are several incidents beyond human reason that happen to the walisongo that are difficult to accept by common sense but are real, such as the story of Mbah Soleh and many more.
Sunan Giri studied at Sunan Ampel. He became his teacher and knew everything about sunan giri even his real figure.
One day, the teacher who was none other than Sunan Ampel sent him to Pasai where Sunan’s father lived. Sunan Giri went there accompanied by Sunan Bonang fortunately to meet his father, Maulana Ishaq.
For those of you who want to make a pilgrimage to Gresik, the location map can be found at google. Whereas where Sunan Bonang, who was also one of Songo’s guardians died, was in Bawean while his grave was located in Tuban.
Many also go on pilgrimages at night, then some all night long reciting in front of the pesarean with their father, family, friends or alone.
There are a lot of articles about the grave area of the walisongo and their father (father) of the walisongo and the directions to get there and also the origin behind the tomb.
The story of Mbah Bolong Sunan Ampel is indeed quite famous because of his skill in determining direction.
Many pilgrims pray here so that Allah SWT will grant all their wishes. There is no entry fee at all and opening hours are 24 hours.
The history of the Ampel mosque has been presented above. Although the story of the appearance in the grave area is quite widespread, no one is afraid and continues the prayer activity then drinks water from the well.
Some people believe in the practice of getting this or that to abuse the graves of soleh people, including Sunan Ampel East Java as a place to ask or even to the mountains.
This practice that deviates from religious teachings still has many followers. Hopefully they will get guidance.