Location: Jl. Jenderal Sudirman, Proklamasi, Pematang Siantar City, North Sumatra 21144
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Open and close: 09.00-17.00
A place that stores historical relics or all related things to maintain and develop science is called a museum.
Indonesia as a country full of history and full of various kinds of culture and biodiversity, certainly has a museum from the west to the east.
The theme of the museum is also various, according to the collections owned and also has their own uniqueness.
There is also a museum that ‘tells’ a city where he lived. Has a variety of collections related to the history of the city.
For example, the Simalungun Museum in the Pematang Siantar area, North Sumatra. The reason is that the contents of this museum are various historical collections about the city of Pematang Siantar and also the Simalungun Batak community.
For visitors who are truly in love with history, they can make the Simalungun museum a must-visit tourist destination in North Sumatra.
You can even compile a historical paper after visiting this museum. The complete address of the historical museum is Jalan Jenderal Sudirman, Proklamasi, Pematang Siantar City, North Sumatra.
It is located in the city center, so it can be accessed from anywhere. This museum was built in the form of a traditional Simalungun house.
Built by the Kings of Simalungun on April 10, 1939, with the aim of storing and preserving the relics of historical objects, as well as a timeless cultural heritage.
There are various kinds of collections in the Simalungun museum, from various fields. Among them are archaeological collections, various currencies, grain and ceramics, other handicrafts.
Even to ancient manuscripts containing natural observations such as astrology and traditional medicinal herbs. The total collection contained in this museum is 860 pieces.
As previously mentioned, visitors will be satisfied after seeing all the collections and reading the historical information or brief explanation behind them.
Provide you with knowledge and a detailed description of the city of Pematang Siantar and the lives of the Batak Simalungun people at that time.
Origin of its founding
The beginning of the establishment of a museum to protect the cultural results of the Simalungun people could not be separated from the role of a Dutch citizen, Dr. ANJTh.Van Der Hoop.
At that time he wrote a dissertation entitled Megalitich Remains in South Sumatra, which is about megalithic life in South Sumatra.
From here it was decided to hold a Harungguan Bolon or a grand meeting held by Raja Marpitu, it was proposed that the Simalungun contender, GLTichelman, was conducting research on megalithic heritage in Simalungun.
The agreement obtained from the meeting was to appoint someone who could carry out a survey or study in each area with megalithic heritage.
Examples of megalithic heritage at that time are the stone statues of the Silapalapa from the Partuanon Hutabayu Marubun area. This statue is truly valuable and of great historical value.
Unfortunately the megalithic heritage is not in Indonesia, but is already in the Rijks Museum Amsterdam, The Netherlands. Brought by Voorhoeve in 1938, with the permission of Mr. Hutabayu Marubun Radja Ihoet Sinaga.
Furthermore, so that megalithic historical objects would not be in another country again, the Simalungun Museum was established which was proposed by King Marpitu on April 10, 1939.
It cost 1650 guilders to build a museum. The inauguration of the museum took place on April 30, 1940.
Since then, Raja Marpitu, namely the 7 kings of Simalungun, has provided various kinds of megalithic heritage to fill the museum collection.
Pustaha Lak-lak, gold and silver jewelery, ancient coins, tableware, weaving utensils, megalithic statues, fill every room in the museum that will tell the history of megalithic life in Pematang Siantar.
As explained, the Simalungun museum is part of the history of the Simalungun people, because the collection is a direct donation from the kings.
Therefore, the museum which was first established in North Sumatra, is also the only one that stood directly from the donations of the kings of Simalungun, not from or belonging to the government.
Since it was built, this museum has undergone two renovations. First in 1968 during the reign of Regent Radjamin Purba.
The museum was renovated while maintaining its original state made of wood. So it still looks damaged and unkempt.
The second renovation was carried out in 1982, during the reign of regent, Lieutenant Colonel (ret) JP. Silitonga.
The museum building was torn down and rebuilt to imitate its previous form. Built using cement, so it is expected to be durable and not damaged.
The building area of the museum is 8 × 12 meters and stands on an area of 1500 square meters.
In this building that holds the history of the Simalungun people, perhaps no pictures or photos of the past will be found. However, visitors can see it on all the historical objects that are stored. Historical objects from time to time.
When they come to the location, visitors will see a chess statue of Raja Nagur with the size of an adult human, a statue of a person riding an elephant, and a statue of a mother holding two children in her lap.
These petung statues were imported directly from Java and are a megalithic heritage.
Entering the museum, visitors will find various objects of the megalithic age.
Kinds of household utensils, baluhat, which is a place to store water made of bamboo, then there is a side dish made of wood called patiman, a dish of pasu which is a rice plate for the king.
There are also rumors as a place to store salt and parborasan for storing rice.
Here there is also equipment for fishing or catching fish used by the Simalungun people long ago.
Among them are a place to store fish called taduhan, hirang lurang as a fishing net, hook or hail, and a trap which is a fish catcher made of bamboo.
As for agricultural equipment, there are hudali or hoes that were used in ancient times, a tool for plowing the land called a tajak.
There is also a hoe from the enau stem, namely assuan, a tool for spinning ropes called Wewean. Parlobong which is used to make holes to plant rice seeds made of wood.
Furthermore, the tools for tapping sap are also called Agadi and losung for pounding rice.
For various kinds of Simalungun’s own jewelry, there is a suhul ivory or keris from the Simalungun nation, a headdress as a woman’s head covering.
There is also Doramani, namely men’s hat jewelry which signifies a position, women’s shawls are called suri-suri, gondit or men’s belts and men’s headgear is also called gotong.
The art tools from the Simalungun people here are gondrang, mong-mong, sordam, sarunai, arbab, husapi, ogung, and many more.
Those are some of the megalithic relics of the Simalungun people. Currently, the physical condition and collections in it are very apprehensive.
Lack of proper maintenance and no tourism promotion so that many visitors come here. Even some museum collections are missing.
We hope that there is concern from local and regional governments to better protect, preserve the historical heritage of Simalungun and promote it better.