10 Photos of Sangiran Archaeological Fossil Museum, Admission Ticket Opening Hours History Collection Address Geographical Location


Address: Krikilan, Kalijambe, Sragen Regency, Central Java 57275
Map: Click Here
HTM: Domestic tourists Rp. 11,500, -, local tourists Rp. 8,000
Open and close: Tuesday – Sunday, 08.00 – 16.00 WIB
Telephone:

One of the interesting sightseeing objects in Sragen Regency is the Sangiran Museum which is located in the Sangiran Dome area. The dome of this is positioned in the Solo Depression, at the foot of Mount Lawu (approximately 17 km from Solo City).

The presence of Sangiran is an illustration model of past human life, because this site contains the most complete ancient human fossil sites in Java.

The area covers 56 km² and consists of 3 sub-districts in Sragen Regency namely Gemolong, Kalijambe and Plupuh, and one sub-district in Karanganyar Regency, namely Gondangrejo.

This museum is a special site for the development of various fields of science and research in the fields of anthropology, archeology, paleoanthropology, biology, geology and tourism.

The existence of this site is useful for studying prehistoric human life because it is equipped with ancient human fossils, culture results, flora and fauna fossils along with stratigraphic illustrations.

Photo By @riafmsolo

This location is traversed by a charming river, Kali Cemoro, which empties into Bengawan Solo. This place has experienced soil erosion so that the layers look brightly different from one layer to another.

From these soil layers, many fossils of humans or ancient animals are found.

The ancient human fossil laboratory is kept at the Geology Museum, Bandung and Observed Paleoanthropology, Yogyakarta.

The site of his findings, Sangiran Site is a prehistoric site that has an important role in understanding the workings of ancient human evolution in Asia and even in the world.

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Sangiran site entered as World Heritage Number 593 by the Committee World Heritage at the time of its 20th anniversary in Merida, Mexico.

Archaeological Museum

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Photo By @intananatasiaa

This interesting sightseeing object is located in Sragen Regency, Kalijambe region, to be precise in the Solo Depression, at the foot of Mount Lawu (approximately 17 km from Solo City).

Research on ancient humans and animals was started by GHRVon Koenigswald, a paleoanthropologist from Germany who worked for the Dutch government in Bandung in the 1930s.

He is a person who has contributed to training people to recognize fossils. The results of the research were then collected at the house of the Head of Krikilan Village, Mr. Totomarsono, until 1975.

At that time, many tourists came to visit this area, so a new perspective emerged to build a museum.

At first this museum was built on a land area of ​​1,000 m² which is next to the Krikilan Village Hall.

This representative museum was only built in 1980 as a repository for discovered fossils and serves the purposes of the traveler. The building area is about 16,675 m² with a space of about 750 m².

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Photo By @ niken.chen

This joglo-style building consists of an exhibition hall, a lab, an auditorium, a library, an audio-visual room (an area where films about prehistoric human life are shown).

Then there are also storage warehouses, parking zones, prayer rooms, rest rooms and souvenir shops (specifically marketing handicraft ‘the philosopher’s beautiful stone’ whose raw material is obtained from Kali Cemoro).

Sangiran Museum always makes arrangements and additions to buildings and supporting facilities to emphasize its existence as a world heritage.

And has an important role for the development of science. Now the museum has evolved to be very grand with modern architecture.

A brief History

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Photo By @galeriarni

The ancient human site here is a world heritage that has been established by UNESCO on December 6, 1996.

The site, which includes 2 districts, namely Sragen and Karanganyar, has an area of ​​56 km and is recognized as a nature reserve.

In 1977, a museum was established under the name Sangiran Prehistoric Museum. Before standing, all the fossils were placed in the house of the Krikilan Village Chief named Toto Marsono.

With a number of discoveries, Toto Marsono’s house became increasingly unfit, therefore a Sangiran Museum of Prehistory was founded with the theme “Appreciation of the History of Human Civilization”.

Sangiran is increasingly known by the world because of the arrival of foreign researchers who at that time Indonesia was still colonized by the Dutch.

A researcher named Eugene Dubois had come to research at this location but in the end it was not suitable and then moved his research site.

In 1891, Dubois found a fossil Pithecanthropus erectus at Trinil Ngawi. The researcher who came to research at that location was von Koenigswald, the discoverer Homo erectus and various animal fossils.

From various studies, it was concluded that the distribution Homo erectus in Java, they are located in the area of ​​Kontakmacan, Trinil, Mojokerto and Ngandong.

Early humans are thought to have become extinct because of meteorite showers, volcanic eruptions and quite drastic environmental changes.

Access To Location

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Photo By @ maulana.ds

The Archaeological Museum is located about 17 kilometers north of Solo City. To go spot Here, travelers can explore the streets of Kalijambe.

If departing from Yogyakarta, please head north, namely to the Kalijambe – Sangiran road. You can also depart from Semarang with a distance of about 100 kilometers and will pass Purwodadi.

Another route, from Semarang can be via Salatiga, Gemolong, Karang Gede (Boyolali), Kalijambe, then Sangiran.

When departing from Surabaya, travelers must cover a distance of about 280 kilometers, via the Madiun – Ngawi road, then towards Sragen and continue towards the Kalijambe road to Sangiran.

For travelers from outside Java it is best to use their own vehicle or the Tourism Laboratory Bus to go to this museum.

Museum Collection

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Photo By @galeriarni
  • Human fossils, among others Pithecanthropus mojokertensis (Pithecantropus robustus), Australopithecus africanus, Pithecanthropus erectus, Meganthropus palaeojavanicus, Homo soloensis, Homo neanderthal Asia, Homo neanderthal Europe & Homo sapiens.
  • Reinforced animal fossils, among others Mastodon sp (elephant), Elephas namadicus (elephant), Stegodon trigonocephalus (elephant), Bubalus palaeokarabau (buffalo), Felis palaeojavanica (tiger), Rhinocerus sondaicus (rhino), Sus sp (pig), Bovidae (cow, bull), and Cervus sp (deer & sheep).
  • Water animal fossils, including fish, Crocodillus sp (crocodile), crab, shark teeth, Mollusca (class Pelecypoda & Gastropoda), Hippopotamus sp (hippopotamus), Chelonia sp (turtle), & foraminifera.
  • Stones, among others Meteorite / Taktite, Diatome, Agate, Kalesdon, Ametis.
  • Stone tools include shavings, drill bits, flakes, blades, square axes, stone balls and perimbas-penetak axes.

The total fossils that have been found so far are 13,809. A total of 2,934 are stored in the Museum Exhibition Hall and 10,875 in storage warehouses.

Meanwhile, ancient human fossils are stored in the Bandung Geology Museum Lab as well Paleoanthropology Yogyakarta.

In this fossil field, you can pay attention to the steep cliffs, namely the stratigraphy, highlighting 4 formations (soil layers).

Stratigraphy is the study of the history, composition and relative age and distribution of soil layers as well as the interpretation of rock layers to reveal the history of the Earth.

The existence of Sangiran Week is very important and interesting, concretely you can observe the place of creative innovation and the stratigraphic layers that have been millions of years old.

The area has an area of ​​56 km² and is an important asset both nationally and internationally.

Existing Facilities

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Photo By @ niken.chen
  1. Entrance Gates & Entrance Counters

This gate functions as a ticket sales place for tourists who want to visit the museum.

Visiting Hours:

Tuesday – Sunday, 08.00 – 16.00 WIB

Ticket:

Domestic tourists IDR 5,000

Foreign tourists Rp. 11,500

  1. Parking area
  2. Sangiran Museum Cluster

The Ministry of Region & Culture and the Ministry of Tourism have optimized the Museum into 5 clusters.

The 5 clusters are the Ngebung Cluster Purba Museum, Krikilan, Dayu, Bukur, and the Manyarejo Field Museum.

The government created the Krikilan Cluster as the Center for the Conservation of Ancient Human Sites (BPSMP), for the sake of developing knowledge about the history of human ancestors.

In the Krikilan Cluster there are 3 exhibition halls. Showroom 1 on Wealth (Wealth of Sangiran), Showroom 2 on Humanitarian Steps (Steps of Humanity).

And Showroom 3 of the Golden Age of Homo Erectus – 500,000 Years Ago (Golden Era of Homo Erectus – 500,000 Years Ago).

Each room has a different area and displays various kinds of posters, photos, dioramas, replicas of various ancient humans and animals that have lived in the world, complete with information in Indonesian and English.

The Dayu cluster is about 6 kilometers from the Krikilan Cluster, and stores real soil models from various eras.

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Photo By @ niken.chen

Starting from the Pucangan Formation (Lower Pleistocene 1.8 million – 900 thousand years ago), to the Notopuro Formation (Upper Plestocene 250 thousand – 100 thousand years ago).

The presentation of info in the Dayu Cluster is also equipped with the latest technological sophistication. Visitors can experience the facility of applying application-based technology provided by Google Store.

In addition, visitors can use smart phones or smartphone them to get info on the object to show off.

The info feature is notified in the application in the form of virtual info in the form of articles, sounds and 3D objects.

A little 2 kilometers away from the Dayu Cluster and you have to pass and cross the Dayu River, there is a Nano Cluster.

The name ‘nano’ is given because this cluster is smaller than the other clusters. However, the Nano Cluster carries an equally great ancient history.

Visitors can enjoy the sensation of exploring the most comprehensive creative discovery of early human skull fossils in this cluster.

The Nano cluster becomes the research zone for the National Archaeological Research Area and Museé National de’Naturelle Historie (MNHN) from 2009. The results of his research are also on display for visitors.

  1. Toilet
  2. Audio visual

This audio visa room, still new and recently built, is not yet operational.

  1. Researchers’ Lodging
  2. Main Exhibition Hall
  3. Sangiran Viewpoint

To improve service to travelers, this week a Tower of View and Wisma Sangiran has been built.

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Photo By @galeriarni

Tourists can feel the aesthetics and beauty of the scenery around this week from a height through the Sangiran Watch Tower.

  1. Lodging

To meet the needs of comfortable lodging for travelers on Sangiran Sunday, a guesthouse has been built (Guest House) which is located next to the Sangiran Watchtower.

Wisma Sangiran is in the form of a joglo (traditional Javanese house) with Javanese ornaments equipped with a pavilion as a lobby.

The existence of this guesthouse really supports the activities carried out by the guests, especially those who carry out research (research) regarding the existence of fossils on Sunday.

This guesthouse has adequate facilities, such as 2 Deluxe Room and already equipped with double bed, bath tub, shower, dresser, washtafel also a shelf.

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Photo By @shofia_nh

For standard Room consists of 3 rooms equipped with a bath, double bed, washtafel and dressing table.

While the family room is equipped with a table, benches as a place to sit for dining, kitchen set, pendopo (lobby) and parking area.

There is even a 4-wheeled vehicle (mini train) to facilitate the mobility of travelers who want to visit Pekan Sangiran.

  1. Souvenir Seller

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